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    Re: sailing vessel types and rigs
    From: Martin Ridsdale
    Date: 2001 Dec 06, 3:22 PM

    My right hand was using Decca and jumped a lane, the right hand was using
    GPS and was steady!  If I hadn't been using electronic writing then you
    wouldn't have been able to read any of it.
    
    ----- Original Message -----
    From  "Dan Allen" 
    To: 
    Sent: Wednesday, December 05, 2001 11:20 PM
    Subject: Re: [NAV-L] sailing vessel types and rigs
    
    
    > What does your dictionary list as the definition of a "resykt"?
    > (This word used by yourself in the 3rd line of your excellent posting...
    :-)
    >
    >
    > -----Original Message-----
    > From- Navigation Mailing List
    > [mailto:NAVIGATION-L{at}LISTSERV.WEBKAHUNA.COM]On Behalf Of Martin Ridsdale
    > Sent: Wednesday, December 05, 2001 12:55 PM
    > To: NAVIGATION-L{at}LISTSERV.WEBKAHUNA.COM
    > Subject: Re: sailing vessel types and rigs
    >
    >
    > Re-reading the answer to what a sloop might be I decided to look up a few
    of
    > the terms mentioned in my copy of the "Universal Dictionary of the Marine"
    > which was published in London in 1776.  As a resykt I offer this
    > contribution to add to the confusion that must surround a subject such as
    > this.
    >
    >
    > SLOOP
    > A small vessel furnished with on mast, the main-sail of which is attached
    to
    > a gaff above, to the mast on it's foremost edge, and to a long boom below;
    > by which it is occasionally shifted to either quarter.  See vessel.
    >
    >
    > SLOOP of WAR
    > A name given to the smallest vessels of war, except cutters.  They are
    > either rigged as ships or as snows.  See Command, Horse, and Rate.
    >
    >
    > VESSEL
    > A general name given to the different sorts of ship which are navigated on
    > the ocean, or in canals and rivers.  It is, however, more particularly
    > applied to those of the smaller kind, furnished with one or two masts.
    >
    > It has already been remarked in the article Ship, that the views of
    utility,
    > which ought always to be considered in a work of this kind, seemed to
    limit
    > our general account of shipping to those which are most frequently
    employed
    > in European navigation.  We have therefore collected into one point of
    view
    > that principal of these in plate XII so that the reader, who is
    unacquainted
    > with marine affairs, may the more easily perceive their distinguishing
    > characters, which are also more particularly described under the
    respective
    > articles.
    >
    > Thus fig 4 plate XII exhibits a snow under sail; fig 5 represents a ketch
    at
    > anchor; fig 6 a brig or brigantine; fig 7 a bilander; fig 8 axebec; fig 9
    a
    > schooner; fig 10 a galliot; fig 11 a dogger; all of which are under sail;
    > fig 12 & 13 two gallies, one of which is under sail, and the other rowing;
    > and fig 14 a sloop.
    >
    > The ketch, whose sails are furled, is furnished with a try-sail, like the
    > snow; and it has a fore-sail, fore-stay-sail, and jib, nearly similar to
    > those of a sloop; but the sails on the main-mast are like those of a ship.
    > The main-sail and main-top-sail of the brig are like those of the
    schooner;
    > and the fore-mast is rigged and equipped with the sails in the same manner
    > as the shop and snow.  The sails, mast, and yards of the xebec, being
    > extremely different from these, are described at large under the article.
    > In the schooner both the mainsail and foresail are extended by a boom and
    > gaff, as likewise is the sloop's main-sail; the sails of the dogger and
    > galliot are sufficiently expressed by the plate; and, finally, the gallies
    > are navigated with lateen-sails, which are extremely different from those
    of
    > the vessels above described.
    >
    >
    > CUTTER
    > A small vessel commonly navigated in the channel of England; it is
    furnished
    > with one mast, and rigged as a sloop.  Many of these vessels are used on
    an
    > illicit trade, and others employed by the government to seize them; the
    > latter of which are either under the direction of the Admiralty or
    > Custom-house.
    >
    >
    > SCHOONER
    > A small vessel with two masts, whose main-sail and fore-Sail are suspended
    > from gaffs reaching from the mast towards the stern; and stretched out
    below
    > by booms, whose formost ends are hooked to an iron which clasps the mast
    so
    > as to turn therein as upon an axis, when the afterends are swung from one
    > side of the vessel to the other.
    >
    >
    > BARK
    > A general name given to small ships: it is however peculiarly appropriated
    > by seamen to those which carry three masts without a mizzen-top-sail.  Our
    > northern mariners, who are trained in the coal-trade, apply this
    distinction
    > to a broad-stearned ship, which carries no ornamental figure on the stem
    or
    > prow.
    >
    > BRIG or BRIGANTINE
    > A merchant-ship with two masts.  This term is not universally confined to
    > vessels of a particular construction, or which are masted and rigged in a
    > method different from all others.  It is a variously applied, by the
    > mariners of different European nations, to a peculiar sort of vessel of
    > their own marine.
    >
    > Amongst English seamen, this vessel is distinguished by having her
    main-sail
    > set nearly in the plane of the keel; whereas the main-sails of larger
    ships
    > are hung athwart, or at right angles with the ship's length, and fastened
    to
    > a yard which hangs parallel to the deck: but in a brig, the foremost edge
    of
    > the main-sail is fastened in different places to hoops which encircle the
    > main-mast, and slide up and down it as the sail is hoisted or lowered: it
    is
    > extended by a gaff above, and by a boom below.
    >
    >
    > BILANDER
    > A small merchant-ship with two masts.
    >
    > The Bilander is particularly distinguished from other vessels of two masts
    > by the form of her mainsail, which is a sort of trapizia, the yard thereof
    > being hung obliquely on the mast in the plane of the ship's length, and
    the
    > aftmost of hinder end peeked or raised up to an angle of about 45 degrees,
    > and hanging immediately over the stern; while the fore end slopes
    downward,
    > and comes as far forward as the middle of the ship.  To this the sail is
    > bent or fastened; and the two lower corners, the foremost of which is call
    ed
    > the tack, and the aftmost the sheet, are afterwards secured, the former to
    a
    > ring-bolt in the middle of the ship's length, and the latter to another in
    > the taffarel.  The main-sails of larger ships are hung across the deck
    > instead of along it, being fastened to a yard which hangs at right angles
    > with the mast and the keel.
    >
    > Few vessels, however, are now rigged in this method, which has probably
    been
    > found more inconvenient than several others.  It may not be improper to
    > remark, that this name, as well as brigantine, has been variously applied
    in
    > different parts of Europe to vessels of different sorts
    >
    >
    > DOGGER
    > A Dutch fishing-vessel navigated in the German ocean.  It is generally
    > employed in the herring fishery, being equipped with two masts, viz. a
    > main-mast and a mizen-mast, and somewhat resembling a ketch.
    >
    

       
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