A Community Devoted to the Preservation and Practice of Celestial Navigation and Other Methods of Traditional Wayfinding
From: Paul Dolkas
Date: 2017 Dec 18, 16:09 -0800
Others have no doubt posted this technique before, but the way I always did a noon shot was to first figure out about when the passage occurs, then take a shot about 20-30 minutes before hand. I record the elevation and most importantly the time I took it. I then wait until about 5 or 10 minutes before passage and start taking shots every 2 minutes or so to compute latitude. I don’t even bother recording the time. I stop taking them when I’m certain the sun has reached it’s peak and is starting to head back down. Then I go back to that first shot I took, and preset the sextant to that value and record the time when the sun matches the elevation on the way down. The average time between the first shot you took and this last one is the time of local noon.
It’s fairly accurate, because the two time shots are taken when the sun isn’t just traveling more or less horizontally. Trying to find when the highest point of a horizontal path occurs isn’t very accurate. So you take a measurement when the sun is ascending, and then another one when it’s descending and average the two times. No graphing required.
Dunno if there are more sophisticated ways of doing it, but this works pretty well for me.
From: NavList@fer3.com [mailto:NavList@fer3.com] On Behalf Of David Pike
Sent: Monday, December 18, 2017 1:19 PM
Subject: [NavList] A noon fix inland with an peri-sextant
I’ve always wanted to try a noon fix at sea with a marine sextant, but I’ve never had the chance, and not living near a south facing coast, I don’t suppose I ever will get one. Therefore, I decided to see if I could get one inland from the ‘Astrovan’ using an ex-RAF Smith’s Mk2C pendulous reference periscopic sextant. This particular sextant has been averaging about -2’ instrument error for low Hs s. I seem to remember Frank saying that the best method was to take a series of shots at least 30 minutes either side of noon and draw a graph to obtain meridian passage time, but so far I’ve always been either too busy or it’s been too cloudy to complete the exercise.
Today, I realised about 11.00AM that the forecast cloud wasn’t going to materialise, and this might be our chance. We decided to make 31 observations two minutes apart between 11.30 and 12.30 with me doing the observing and Mrs P calling the time and recording the sextant heights. First we had to open up the Astrovan, light the gas fire, and put the sextant up. Before we could do this, I had to climb up to the roof and hack about ¼” of ice from the sextant mounting, during which process I managed to break my second best ruler, which proved no good for stabbing ice, brittle fracture being the result. Finally we got our first observation at 11.32 hoping that mer-pass might be after noon UTC. I’d love to say that we deliberately avoided calculating mer-pass time in advance to avoid subliminally biasing the results, but in fact, we simply ran out of time.
All went remarkably well, and we finished in time for lunch. The observed values seemed a bit jumpy, but they plotted out fairly well with artistic license taking priority over least squares when necessary. I wasn’t sure how high to take the top of the graph, but in the end I decided to ignore the top two readings and follow the curve.
The results were as shown in the photos below. The n-s error was 0.5nm and the e-w error was 1.4nm. I’ve been observing using an upper or lower limb on the horizontal graticule recently, but I can’t say there’s been any improvement in my results, so today I reverted to Sun in the middle of the circle and was happy with that. DaveP