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    Re: lighting on deck aboard ship.
    From: Brian Whatcott
    Date: 2001 Nov 17, 8:02 PM

    I consulted an early Enc Brit article on the candle, and it evidently
    held that the candle and lamp existed in early times.
    
    There is a certain blurring of the distinction between candle and lamp there.
      The lamp is a reservoir of oil with a wick of twisted cotton or flax.
    Rush pith
    once served as wicks.
    The candle was dipped or later cast from one of three materials: tallow, wax
    or spermaceti. It mentions Candlemas as a continuance of an ancient
    Christian custom of lighting their churches and processions on a
    particular day. But it describes a candlestick as made
      by Moses, having seven lamps with oil and wicks.
      A later Enc Brit article notes that a 4th century pilgrim,Silvia
    wrote about the lighted processions.
    There are still oil navigation lamps aboard sailing ships and I dare say,
    hurricane or storm lamps. So the concept of a binnacle with an oil lamp
    or candle could certainly have survived from early periods.
    
    The Grecian oil lamp was, I think, of  'Genie' form (a tureen with a
    handle on one side, and a spout carrying a wick on the other.)
    The Greeks were commemorated for the Olympic torch in their competitions,
    as now revived. The Romans too used ornate candlesticks.
    
    I conclude that marine lighting existed from such an early time, a certain
    date
    for its introduction is unlikely to be found.
    
    Reference:
      Enc.  Brit.  "Candle", "Candlemas", "Candlestick"   1771 First ed.
      Enc.  Brit.  "Candle", "Candlemas"  1957 14th Ed.
    Brian Whatcott
       Altus OK                      Eureka!
    

       
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