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    Re: averaging
    From: Bill B
    Date: 2004 Oct 24, 00:32 -0500

    > The problem with this approach is all values are given equal weight. The
    > resulting slope is influenced by outliers (extreme values). In any case, there
    > doesn?t seem to be any point in averaging once the slope is known. Think of a
    > few data points that approximate the right slope. What is not wanted is
    > anything that takes the chosen value away from there, as averaging might,
    > depending on the data points that don?t follow the slope.
    There appear to be workarounds to minimize the affect of outliers for the
    mathematically inclined.  I am a sailor first, attempting to learn more
    about cel nav--past plug and chug.  I practice both on land and water, and
    need pencil-and-paper solutions I can execute on the water.
    From that vantage point, I wholeheartedly agree as to calculating a slope
    and fitting data points to it.  Plot the observations. Calculate the slope
    for that time period. Use that slope to determine your outliers.  For those
    of us who are not mathematicians, surveyors, engineers, historians,
    astronomers or some combination thereof, I alluded weeks ago to the rational
    and methods for calculating the slope (which were included in older versions
    of Bowditch), as well as instructions for the computer or reduction tables.
    Drill down in David Burch's site.  If you missed it or have more interest as
    of late, the staring point is:
    Celestial Navigation Section
    David Plastic Sextants
    How to take plastic sextant sights
    Fit slope method
    The destination URL as shown in my (Mac/IE) browser is:

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