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    Re: Wind & Current Navigation
    From: Joe Kliment
    Date: 2003 Apr 17, 15:29 -0400

    As an ASA instructor I teach the "standing turn" method of maneuvering a boat
    and also teach students to back into a slip. The standing turn takes
    advantage of prop walk along with hard over rudder to facilitate turning
    the boat
    in a tight circle which is beneficial in confined areas. For a vessel with
    a right handed prop,
    all turns are clockwise to take advantage of port prop walk in reverse. To
    make a turn
    the helmsman executes right rudder and applies forward power to start turn.
    If there is wind pass the bow of the boat thru the wind then reverse and
    apply power
    keeping the rudder right. Now prop walk takes over pulling the port quarter
    and keeping the turn going. To keep turn tight, alternate between forward
    and reverse
    always keeping the rudder over.
    The standing turn lends itself nicely to backing into a slip. Depending on
    wind and current,
    the helmsman slows to a position at right angles to the slip, applies right
    rudder and comes
    to a complete stop generally facing away from the slip. By alternating
    forward and reverse
    and holding right rudder, the boat is backed into the slip. With heavy
    winds or current
    this method lends itself nicely to warping off the pilings if necessary.
    I have used the standing turn in all kinds of wind and current conditions
    and find more
    positive control especially in confined areas. I agree with the other
    comments that
    current is the predominant factor affecting a boat's maneuvering ability.
    Capt Joe Kliment
    Middletown, De.

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