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    Re: Uk data
    From: Paul Hirose
    Date: 2021 Jun 27, 22:30 -0700

    On 2021-06-26 22:00, Geoffrey Kolbe wrote:
    > Strange... when it asks for the time, you can only enter hours and
    > minutes, but no seconds. The other thing is it asks for longitude
    > followed by latitude. I would expect latitude followed by longitude and
    > I entered this incorrectly first time around.
    The "longitude before latitude" format is common in astronomy. For
    example, see the Astronomical Almanac list of observatory coordinates
    and the JPL Horizons online calculator.
    On the other hand, to input site coordinates in the USNO MICA
    application you enter latitude then longitude, but the order is reversed
    in the output display.
    Another convention sometimes encountered in astronomy is terrestrial
    longitude increasing east from 0 to 360. The Horizons documentation says,
    "East longitude is measured positively to the east (0 to 360 degrees)
    from the prime meridian. Exceptions are the Earth, Moon and Sun where
    longitude has historically been measured both east and west of the prime
    meridian 0 to 180 degrees. Though these bodies are direct rotators,
    longitude is nonetheless measured positively to the east on this system,
    0 to 360 degrees, due to historical precedence. If the positive west
    longitude of a site on these 3 bodies is given, it should be input here
    as positive east longitude, which would be (360 - West Longitude). If
    the negative east longitude is given instead, for these exceptions only,
    one can input the negative east longitude. It will be converted to a
    positive east longitude on output, however."
    In other words, the system allows you to enter longitude 10° W as -10,
    but in the output it's +190°.
    I don't use longitude greater than 180 myself, but have encountered it
    in data from an external source. No problem, except that software with
    over-zealous error checking rejected the longitudes.
    Paul Hirose

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