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    Re: Transcribing old text, and long-esses
    From: Nicolàs de Hilster
    Date: 2009 Oct 18, 13:17 +0200

    George Huxtable wrote:
    > To those unfamiliar with it, transcribing as an f gets in the way of 
    > understanding such old text, and in my view those long-esses, when 
    > transcribed into modern form, should always become an s, and never an f, 
    > which the author certainly didn't intend. The problem particularly arises 
    > when using optical character recognition (OCR) software, which will usually 
    > lack any discrimination between a long-s and an f.
    Alternatively one could transcribe the text using a 17th century typeface and 
    export it as a pdf. 17th century typefaces are available for free on the 
    internet and support the use of the long s which are then shown in an 
    authentic way with a short cross-bar. The one I use regularly is made by Jeff 
    Lee and can be found on his web site: 
    I have attached an example pdf file with the quote George mentioned before. In 
    it you will find the JSL Ancient typeface, but also the same in Arial. The 
    latter immediately shows the downside of transcribing like this; the long s 
    is replaced by the florin sign, making it difficult to do a text search in a 
    pdf like this.
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