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    Re: Right Ascension.
    From: Peter Fogg
    Date: 2005 Aug 26, 17:21 +1000

    George wrote, inter alia:
    > I have found no mention of Oblique Ascension in any historical navigation
    > texts I've read. If any reader can suggest what it was used for, I would
    > be interested.
    "Definition of Oblique Ascension (O.A.)
    As it rises, a star or planet, not on the equator, forms an angle with that
    part of the equator which is rising at the same time. This is called its
    Ascensional difference. (A.D.) This A.D. added to the R.A. if it have S.
    declination, and subtracted therefrom if it have N. declination, gives its
    Oblique Ascension. In the Southern hemisphere, reverse; add, if N.;
    subtract, if S.
    The equator is always at right angles to a line between the North and South
    Poles. Any meridian circle can be considered as the horizon of a place on
    the equator go degrees distant from that meridian - hence, from that point
    such meridian can be called the horizon of the pole.
    At either pole a planet on any parallel of declination moves along an arc
    parallel to the equator, to the horizon of the pole. It has neither
    ascension nor descension, but remains, day and night, above or below the
    horizon, according as it is in North or South declination. Viewed from a
    place on the equator, a star will by the axial rotation of the Earth, be
    carried along an arc parallel to the equator: hence it rises and sets at
    right angles to the horizon of that place. All places in latitudes north and
    south of the equator, have a prime vertical that cuts the equator at an
    angle equal to the latitude of the place; and the horizon cuts the equator
    at an angle equal to the complement of the latitude. Stars and planets rise
    and set obliquely, since they follow arcs parallel to the equator - to which
    the horizon is oblique. The semi-arc of a body on the equator is always go
    degrees, or 6 hours; the whole arc is always 180 degrees or 12 hours. On the
    equator days and nights are equal, and the semi-arcs of all bodies are
    equal; but in latitudes north or south of the equator the arcs above and
    below the horizon are unequal, although together these make 180 degrees or
    12 hours. The difference between 90 degrees and the diurnal or nocturnal
    semi-arc of a body is thus its Ascensional Difference; and its Right
    Ascension, plus or minus this Ascensional Difference, is its Oblique
    Guess where that little gem comes from? The Astrology Encyclopedia, no less.
    I should warn George that not all information to be found on the web should
    be taken at face value. There's an awful lot of doubtful stuff out there.

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