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    Polar Possessions of the SU. was: Lunars with SNO-T
    From: Alexandre Eremenko
    Date: 2004 Oct 24, 15:21 -0500

    Bruce,
    you are probably right! (I understood from the very beginning
    that the "lunars conjecture" was not plausible:-).
    But maybe not land-based (which can be done with a more
    precise instrument, theodolite),
    but ICE-BASED.
    The Soviets were always very much involved in Arctic
    activities. They really used commercially the
    Northern Sea Way as a way to ship loads from European Russia
    to the Far East. This was always an enormous problem for Russia,
    to communicate with its Far East. The attempts to build a railroad
    were only partially successful. Even now they have essentially
    only one
    branch to Pacific (letting one train at a time)
    and this branch was
    built
    in 1890-s. Great investment in another branch in 1970-s
    was a faillure, if I understand correctly.
    
    So they were always interested in convoys, led by icebreakers,
    through the Northern Sea Way. They had the largest icebreakers
    fleet in the world, including several nuclear-powered ones.
    It was impossible to make the whole passage
    in "one navigation", that is in one summer.
    The ships of a convoy had to stop and spend winter somewhere,
    frozen into ice. Only once they claimed a "world record",
    when an icebreaker made it in one summer.
    
    In the World atlas, published in 1959 which I had in my childhood
    they even had the boundary of the Soviet union extended
    to the North Pole and enclosing 1/2 of the Arctic Ocean.
    This half of the ocean was oficially called "The Polar Possessions
    of the Soviet Union".
    
    The practice of claiming these "Polar Possessions" ended,
    if I understand correctly,shortly after the first US nuclear
    submarine "Nautilus" made a trip to the North Pole under ice:-)
    Which happened in the end of 1950-s, if I remember correctly.
    
    
    On Sun, 24 Oct 2004, Bruce Stark wrote:
    
    > I'm wondering if, for some reason, they had land-based
    > observations in mind.
    >
    
    
    

       
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