A Community Devoted to the Preservation and Practice of Celestial Navigation and Other Methods of Traditional Wayfinding
From: Frank Reed
Date: 2019 Aug 4, 12:58 -0700
Holland 1, that tiny submarine on display in Gosport (Portsmouth) UK went to sea in about 1902 --the first submarine of the Royal Navy. The nuclear submarine USS Nautilus navigated under the polar ice in 1958, just 56 years later. We're now 61 years since that passage. Both Holland 1 and USS Nautilus are museum exhibits and we can go aboard both (I have).
There are interesting details on the navigation, especially the dead reckoning, in an article in "Proceedings" from December 1958 on the US Naval Institude website here:
Does anyone know if further details, perhaps formerly classified, on this voyage and its navigation have become available since then?