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    Re: Mecca
    From: Tony S
    Date: 2000 Aug 27, 00:59 EDT

    Lu Abel wrote:
    >
    > I'm not sure what is meant by the "geodesic," but as a curiosity question,
    > does anyone know if when a Muslim determines the direction to Mecca is it
    > the rhumb line or the great circle??  I asked while on a tour of a mosque,
    > but the guide didn't understand the difference.
    >
    > TIA
    >
    > Lu Abel
    Webster's Collegiate:
    2. n : the shortest line between two points that lies in a given surface.
    I take this to mean the GC distance and direction.  Would you?
    A docent would be puzzled, I think.  :)
    Tony
    >
    > At 09:06 AM 8/25/00 -0300, you wrote:
    > >According to "The Correct Qibla" by S. Kamil Abdali (on the controversy as to
    > >whether Muslims should pray in the direction of the geodesic connecting them
    > >to Mecca or along a line through the Earth), the coordinates of Ka'ba
    > >(the sacred mosque in Mecca) are 21-25-24 (degrees, minutes, seconds) N and
    > >39-49-24 E.
    > >-- Richard Langley
    > >
    > >On Thu, 24 Aug 2000, Richard Langley wrote:
    > >
    > >>I have the coordinates in my office at the university and will send them
    > along
    > >>tomorrow.
    > >>-- Richard Langley
    > >>   Professor of Geodesy and Precision Navigation
    > >>
    > >>On Fri, 25 Aug 2000, R.H. van Gent wrote:
    > >>
    > >>>Dear all,
    > >>>
    > >>>I hope that my query will not be too much out of place on this list but
    > >>>I would be most grateful if anyone could help me on this matter.
    > >>>
    > >>>As most list members will know the Kabah of Mecca (Saudi Arabia)
    > >>>represents the geographical centre of the Islamic world and its exact
    > >>>position with respect to Greenwich would seem to be exactly known. I
    > >>>know that up to fairly recent times this was not so due to the fact that
    > >>>the city of Mecca was (and still is) forbidden territory for
    > >>>non-Muslims, making it virtually impossible for European surveyors to
    > >>>determine its position with any exactitude.
    > >>>
    > >>>Modern encyclopaedias, atlases and internet gazetteers all give its
    > >>>position as 21 degree 27 minutes North and 39 degree 49 minutes East of
    > >>>Greenwich but do not specify for which part of Mecca this refers to. Can
    > >>>anyone on this list quote more precise figures for the geographical
    > >>>position of the Kabah of Mecca, preferably with a reference, or direct
    > >>>me to sources that can provide me with this information?
    > >>>
    > >>>Thanks in advance.
    > >>>
    > >>>========================================================
    > >>>* Robert H. van Gent * Tel/Fax:  00-31-30-2720269      *
    > >>>* Zaagmolenkade 50   *                                 *
    > >>>* 3515 AE Utrecht    * E-mail: r.h.vangent{at}XXX.XXX *
    > >>>* The Netherlands    *                                 *
    > >>>********************************************************
    > >>>* Home page: http://www.phys.uu.nl/~vgent/homepage.htm *
    > >>>========================================================
    > >>>
    > >>
    > >>
    > >>==========================================================================
    > =====
    > >> Richard B. Langley                            E-mail: lang{at}XXX.XXX
    > >> Geodetic Research Laboratory                  Web: http://www.unb.ca/GGE/
    > >> Dept. of Geodesy and Geomatics Engineering    Phone:    +1 506 453-5142
    > >> University of New Brunswick                   Fax:      +1 506 453-4943
    > >> Fredericton, N.B., Canada  E3B 5A3
    > >>     Fredericton?  Where's that?  See: http://www.city.fredericton.nb.ca/
    > >>==========================================================================
    > =====
    > >>
    > >
    > >
    > >===========================================================================
    > ====
    > > Richard B. Langley                            E-mail: lang{at}XXX.XXX
    > > Geodetic Research Laboratory                  Web: http://www.unb.ca/GGE/
    > > Dept. of Geodesy and Geomatics Engineering    Phone:    +1 506 453-5142
    > > University of New Brunswick                   Fax:      +1 506 453-4943
    > > Fredericton, N.B., Canada  E3B 5A3
    > >     Fredericton?  Where's that?  See: http://www.city.fredericton.nb.ca/
    > >===========================================================================
    > ====
    > >
    

       
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