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    Re: Mecca
    From: Lu Abel
    Date: 2000 Aug 26, 23:57 EDT

    I'm not sure what is meant by the "geodesic," but as a curiosity question,
    does anyone know if when a Muslim determines the direction to Mecca is it
    the rhumb line or the great circle??  I asked while on a tour of a mosque,
    but the guide didn't understand the difference.
    TIA
    Lu Abel
    At 09:06 AM 8/25/00 -0300, you wrote:
    >According to "The Correct Qibla" by S. Kamil Abdali (on the controversy as to
    >whether Muslims should pray in the direction of the geodesic connecting them
    >to Mecca or along a line through the Earth), the coordinates of Ka'ba
    >(the sacred mosque in Mecca) are 21-25-24 (degrees, minutes, seconds) N and
    >39-49-24 E.
    >-- Richard Langley
    >
    >On Thu, 24 Aug 2000, Richard Langley wrote:
    >
    >>I have the coordinates in my office at the university and will send them
    along
    >>tomorrow.
    >>-- Richard Langley
    >>   Professor of Geodesy and Precision Navigation
    >>
    >>On Fri, 25 Aug 2000, R.H. van Gent wrote:
    >>
    >>>Dear all,
    >>>
    >>>I hope that my query will not be too much out of place on this list but
    >>>I would be most grateful if anyone could help me on this matter.
    >>>
    >>>As most list members will know the Kabah of Mecca (Saudi Arabia)
    >>>represents the geographical centre of the Islamic world and its exact
    >>>position with respect to Greenwich would seem to be exactly known. I
    >>>know that up to fairly recent times this was not so due to the fact that
    >>>the city of Mecca was (and still is) forbidden territory for
    >>>non-Muslims, making it virtually impossible for European surveyors to
    >>>determine its position with any exactitude.
    >>>
    >>>Modern encyclopaedias, atlases and internet gazetteers all give its
    >>>position as 21 degree 27 minutes North and 39 degree 49 minutes East of
    >>>Greenwich but do not specify for which part of Mecca this refers to. Can
    >>>anyone on this list quote more precise figures for the geographical
    >>>position of the Kabah of Mecca, preferably with a reference, or direct
    >>>me to sources that can provide me with this information?
    >>>
    >>>Thanks in advance.
    >>>
    >>>========================================================
    >>>* Robert H. van Gent * Tel/Fax:  00-31-30-2720269      *
    >>>* Zaagmolenkade 50   *                                 *
    >>>* 3515 AE Utrecht    * E-mail: r.h.vangent{at}XXX.XXX *
    >>>* The Netherlands    *                                 *
    >>>********************************************************
    >>>* Home page: http://www.phys.uu.nl/~vgent/homepage.htm *
    >>>========================================================
    >>>
    >>
    >>
    >>==========================================================================
    =====
    >> Richard B. Langley                            E-mail: lang{at}XXX.XXX
    >> Geodetic Research Laboratory                  Web: http://www.unb.ca/GGE/
    >> Dept. of Geodesy and Geomatics Engineering    Phone:    +1 506 453-5142
    >> University of New Brunswick                   Fax:      +1 506 453-4943
    >> Fredericton, N.B., Canada  E3B 5A3
    >>     Fredericton?  Where's that?  See: http://www.city.fredericton.nb.ca/
    >>==========================================================================
    =====
    >>
    >
    >
    >===========================================================================
    ====
    > Richard B. Langley                            E-mail: lang{at}XXX.XXX
    > Geodetic Research Laboratory                  Web: http://www.unb.ca/GGE/
    > Dept. of Geodesy and Geomatics Engineering    Phone:    +1 506 453-5142
    > University of New Brunswick                   Fax:      +1 506 453-4943
    > Fredericton, N.B., Canada  E3B 5A3
    >     Fredericton?  Where's that?  See: http://www.city.fredericton.nb.ca/
    >===========================================================================
    ====
    >
    

       
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