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    Re: Mecca
    From: Richard B. Langley
    Date: 2000 Aug 25, 6:07 AM

    According to "The Correct Qibla" by S. Kamil Abdali (on the controversy as to
    whether Muslims should pray in the direction of the geodesic connecting them
    to Mecca or along a line through the Earth), the coordinates of Ka'ba
    (the sacred mosque in Mecca) are 21-25-24 (degrees, minutes, seconds) N and
    39-49-24 E.
    -- Richard Langley
    
    On Thu, 24 Aug 2000, Richard Langley wrote:
    
    >I have the coordinates in my office at the university and will send them along
    >tomorrow.
    >-- Richard Langley
    >   Professor of Geodesy and Precision Navigation
    >
    >On Fri, 25 Aug 2000, R.H. van Gent wrote:
    >
    >>Dear all,
    >>
    >>I hope that my query will not be too much out of place on this list but
    >>I would be most grateful if anyone could help me on this matter.
    >>
    >>As most list members will know the Kabah of Mecca (Saudi Arabia)
    >>represents the geographical centre of the Islamic world and its exact
    >>position with respect to Greenwich would seem to be exactly known. I
    >>know that up to fairly recent times this was not so due to the fact that
    >>the city of Mecca was (and still is) forbidden territory for
    >>non-Muslims, making it virtually impossible for European surveyors to
    >>determine its position with any exactitude.
    >>
    >>Modern encyclopaedias, atlases and internet gazetteers all give its
    >>position as 21 degree 27 minutes North and 39 degree 49 minutes East of
    >>Greenwich but do not specify for which part of Mecca this refers to. Can
    >>anyone on this list quote more precise figures for the geographical
    >>position of the Kabah of Mecca, preferably with a reference, or direct
    >>me to sources that can provide me with this information?
    >>
    >>Thanks in advance.
    >>
    >>========================================================
    >>* Robert H. van Gent * Tel/Fax:  00-31-30-2720269      *
    >>* Zaagmolenkade 50   *                                 *
    >>* 3515 AE Utrecht    * E-mail: r.h.vangent{at}astro.uu.nl *
    >>* The Netherlands    *                                 *
    >>********************************************************
    >>* Home page: http://www.phys.uu.nl/~vgent/homepage.htm *
    >>========================================================
    >>
    >
    >
    >===============================================================================
    > Richard B. Langley                            E-mail: lang---.ca
    > Geodetic Research Laboratory                  Web: http://www.unb.ca/GGE/
    > Dept. of Geodesy and Geomatics Engineering    Phone:    +1 506 453-5142
    > University of New Brunswick                   Fax:      +1 506 453-4943
    > Fredericton, N.B., Canada  E3B 5A3
    >     Fredericton?  Where's that?  See: http://www.city.fredericton.nb.ca/
    >===============================================================================
    >
    
    
    ===============================================================================
     Richard B. Langley                            E-mail: lang---.ca
     Geodetic Research Laboratory                  Web: http://www.unb.ca/GGE/
     Dept. of Geodesy and Geomatics Engineering    Phone:    +1 506 453-5142
     University of New Brunswick                   Fax:      +1 506 453-4943
     Fredericton, N.B., Canada  E3B 5A3
         Fredericton?  Where's that?  See: http://www.city.fredericton.nb.ca/
    ===============================================================================
    

       
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