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    Re: Longhand Sight Reduction
    From: Gary LaPook
    Date: 2014 Nov 13, 23:42 -0800
    What is the "Chichester test?"


    From: Hanno Ix <NoReply_HannoIx@fer3.com>
    To: garylapook@pacbell.net
    Sent: Thursday, November 13, 2014 2:21 PM
    Subject: [NavList] Re: Longhand Sight Reduction


    sorry you feel criticized - certainly not my intention. As a matter of
    fact I like slide rules and have used them throughout my engineering career.
    They are ingenious inventions and extremely useful. Emphatically, this
    includes Fullers, Otis and Bygraves.

    My point was that slide rules are based on a  mechanical function and therefore can break rendering the user stuck if he has no alternative. Repairs in the field, the air or on the water are likely impossible. Accordingly, even if the probability of breakage might be low, the consequences can become catastrophic. In such cases, having a longhand sight reduction with a minimized number of unambiguous steps will save the day: even a ripped, warped, soaked or somewhat singed haversine table plus means to write on/with will still perform nicely since the needed data are still there.

    However, they will not pass the Chichester test. My advice: If you are going to be in a Chichester situation don't plan on using a non_Chichester method. So I think there is actually no real competition between those methods.

    Having said all that I'd like to add that I do admire your skills to build Fullers, etc.



    PS:  May I please delay work on the promised sin/cos table until week?

    On Thu, Nov 13, 2014 at 11:21 AM, Francis Upchurch <NoReply_Upchurch@fer3.com> wrote:
    All the work has been done by Greg and Hanno. I’ve just criticized and compared with slide rules.
    I await the definitive summary with interest.
    Still think the Bygrave wins hands down, but I am biased. This looks like a very viable longhand, no device method.
    Await your views with interest.
    From: NavList@fer3.com [mailto:NavList@fer3.com] On Behalf Of Gary LaPook
    Sent: 13 November 2014 10:31

    To: francisupchurch---.com
    Subject: [NavList] Re: Longhand Sight Reduction
    I've only paid very little attention to the discussion of the Donial method but now it has grabbed by attention. Since it is now well developed can one of you put together, in one post, a description and a step by step instruction?

    From: Francis Upchurch <NoReply_Upchurch@fer3.com>
    To: garylapook---.net
    Sent: Wednesday, November 12, 2014 11:41 PM
    Subject: [NavList] Re: Longhand Sight Reduction
    Thanks Hanno,
    Yes please, I think your 2’ tables are better than mine. Please do the format changes as suggested by Greg. I can then have Hv, sin and cosine in the crash box.
    I agree with your comments. Even slide rules may fail and your Hv longhand method is the best ultimate back up.
    Re. Slide rule accuracy, I’ve always assumed that all other factors being equal, accuracy would largely depend on length of scales. E.g. the Original Fuller has 500 inch, the Bygrave 288 inch, Otis King 66 inch, my homemade mini Fuller about same as the Bygrave (haven’t measured it, but I get same accuracy as full size with magnifiers).
    I do not know what the scale length of the 8 inch circular would be? Greg says not accurate enough for doing cos formula?
    I’ve only done a few LOPs using the Otis King /cos formula and have got surprisingly good results, albeit probably lucky guessing the 4th decimal place. ( no need to guess with the Fullers). Maybe part of the accuracy of the Otis King is due to the precision engineering which is far better than the  Bygrave or Fuller.
    Any thoughts?
    Anyways, great work and thanks for the Hv Doniol. I look forward to seeing the re-formatted Hv, sin, cos tables when you have time.
    Best wishes
    From: NavList@fer3.com [mailto:NavList@fer3.com] On Behalf Of Hanno Ix
    Sent: 13 November 2014 03:21
    To: francisupchurch---.com
    Subject: [NavList] Re: Longhand Sight Reduction
    thank you for your comparisons.
    I think longhand sight reductions will probably never pass the Chichester test but would love to be proved wrong. As I see it, the real advantage of a minimized longhand sight reduction method is that it does not depend on a mechanical device that can, and probably will, fail. Even a ripped and wrinkled haversine table however will do the job and do so in short order.
    It seems you like the 2 arcmin format. You realize of course the same trick works for all trig functions. In the attachment there is such a table for sin() and cos(). It is actually older than the haversine table and was certainly not optimized for size of fonts. If you like I will implement the changes to the typography as suggested by Greg for the haversine table. But before I embark on this let me know if you - and Greg, you, too! - if there are other suggestions you might have.
    On Wed, Nov 12, 2014 at 1:36 PM, Francis Upchurch <NoReply_Upchurch@fer3.com> wrote:
    One more question (oh, apologies for the typos, for “break” read brake!. Going senile). Please give information on 8 inch circular slide rule. I know nothing of these but plan to build a “Poor” 12inch one day. (see my previous postings on this. An LOP slide rule pre-dating the Bygrave).The Otis King is very compact and surprisingly accurate for the relatively short length of the scales.( I get 3-4 decimal spaces routinely with the O.K ,but 5-7 with the Fullers which have much longer scales.) I suspect some of that is down to the shear quality of construction. The best I have seen in any cylindrical slide rule.(my Otis King is a superb piece of engineering.)
    Anyways, keep up the excellent work.
    Best wishes
    From: NavList@fer3.com [mailto:NavList@fer3.com] On Behalf Of Greg Rudzinski
    Sent: 12 November 2014 16:21
    To: francisupchurch---.com
    Subject: [NavList] Re: Longhand Sight Reduction
    I am in total agreement with you on avoiding interpolation where possible. Two thumbs up on the 2' table :)  A few additional benefits of the haversine Doniol table. There are no special rules for L+d > 90° or LHA Meridian Angle > 90° and the majority of observations (especially the Sun) can be reduced from the same side of the haversine table vs. page turning of other methods. After a week of trials it has become clear that this is the best short table sight reduction method that uses the DR position as the assumed position. I have a shelf of sight reduction tables that will now be collecting lots of dust ;-)
    Greg Rudzinski
    P.S. The 8" circular slide rule does almost as good a job on the multiplication step as the Ottis King.
    From: Francis Upchurch
    Date: 2014 Nov 11, 23:35 -0800
    Many thanks Greg,
    My original confusion resulted from missing Hanno's posting of Nov 5th re the Hv only formula. Now I've found it. Congratulations to Hanno for this and his 2'Hv table which I find eaiser to use than your 10' table.(I keep making mistakes with interpolation).
    I have test driven your e.g. using the Doniol, and compared it to Bygrave, and other slide rules (using cos formula, not Doniol).
    Please see attachments if interested.
    I'll certainly put your/Hanno's Doniol (Hv) into my minimalist crash bag, but also the Otis King+sin table.
    If space is not a problem, I still prefer the Bygrave, with my prototype minifuller 2cos  a close second.
    Keep up the good work both.
    Best wishes
    Francis Upchurch

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