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    Re: Leap seconds
    From: Greg R_
    Date: 2008 Dec 29, 19:27 -0800

    I don't know if you're being pedantic here, or if we have an honest failure to 
    communicate (or maybe a little of both...). 
    But I think we can both agree that the current timescale that most of us 
    navigators use (i.e. UT) is based on an atomic standard, right? Which has no 
    connection at all to what is commonly called "solar time" (hence my use of 
    "disconnected" from it). 
    And if you don't understand my example showing that it really doesn't matter 
    what timescale we use to solve navigation problems (as long as our timepieces 
    and the almanacs are using the same scale), then I really don't know any 
    other way to try to word that so it makes sense to you.
    --- On Mon, 12/29/08, George Huxtable  wrote:
    > From: George Huxtable 
    > Subject: [NavList 6848] Re: [NavList /] Re: Leap seconds
    > To: NavList@fer3.com
    > Date: Monday, December 29, 2008, 11:00 AM
    > Greg R wrote-
    > ----- Original Message ----- 
    > From: "Greg R." 
    > To: 
    > Sent: Monday, December 29, 2008 12:09 AM
    > Subject: [NavList /] Re: Leap seconds. was: [6802] Longest
    > year since 1992
    > You're still missing my point, which was (perhaps
    > obliquely) related to 
    > whether we need leap seconds inserted into the UT scale or
    > not.
    > What I'm trying to say (and I really don't know how
    > to re-word this to make 
    > it any clearer) is that whatever time scale the navigation
    > community agrees 
    > on (either with or without "leap seconds"), as
    > long as the time that we use 
    > in the field (from a chronometer, radio time signal,
    > "atomic" watch, 
    > whatever...) matches the time used in the various almanacs
    > it's *totally 
    > irrelevant* whether or not that time matches the actual
    > "sun time" that's 
    > been used for centuries.
    > In other words, if the almanac shows a time of 16:00:00 for
    > noon at 
    > Greenwich on a given day (granted that's a huge
    > difference from UT, but it 
    > works for an example), as long as my local timepiece also
    > matches that time 
    > scale I shouldn't have any problem working a sun sight
    > based on that (any 
    > more that I would with a timepiece set to UT as is the
    > current practice).
    > Granted it would be nice if our navigation timescale were
    > reasonably close 
    > to "sun time", but as a practical matter whether
    > it does or not is really 
    > irrelevant to solving the navigation problem.
    > Make more sense now?
    > =========================
    > What I questioned was Greg R's statement in [6805], as
    > follows-
    > "Besides, the almanacs have been on UT since when -
    > mid 70s? (and thus 
    > pretty much "disconnected" from "sun
    > time"). "
    > And I pointed out that the almanacs have remained closely
    > "connected" with 
    > "sun time", precisely because of the insertions
    > of those leap seconds, by 
    > which UT is made to correspond closely with the rotation of
    > the Earth..
    > I wonder what it was that happened, in the mid 70s,
    > according to Greg R, to 
    > bring that about the "disconnection" he refers
    > to? In one way or another, 
    > the Nautical Almanac has followed mean Sun time at
    > Greenwich, within a 
    > fraction of a second, since 1834, and continues to do so.
    > Greg R  has complained that "I think you
    > misinterpreted what I was trying to 
    > say", and now "You're still missing my
    > point".
    > But he hasn't withdrawn those words that I quoted, and
    > questioned, above, 
    > about the almanacs being "disconnected" from
    > "sun time". And I don't know 
    > how to interpret those words any differently than the way I
    > did.
    > If we can find a way to agree about this minor matter,
    > perhaps we can go on 
    > to discuss leap seconds more fruitfully.
    > George.
    > contact George Huxtable, at  george@hux.me.uk
    > or at +44 1865 820222 (from UK, 01865 820222)
    > or at 1 Sandy Lane, Southmoor, Abingdon, Oxon OX13 5HX, UK.
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