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    Herodotus (was: query from Hakluyt)
    From: Alexandre Eremenko
    Date: 2012 Mar 19, 15:26 -0400

    Here is my translation from Herodotus:
    History, Book IV, 42:
    That Libya is apparently surrounded by the sea, except that place where
    it is adjacent to Asia, as far as I know, was proved for the first time
    by Necho, a king of Egypt. After the termination of the construction of
    the canal from the Nile to the Arabian Gulf, the king sent Phoeniceans
    in the ships. He ordered them to return through the Pillars of Hercules,
    until they reach the North Sea and return to Egypt this way.
    The Phoenicians departed from the Red Sea and then followed to the South Sea.
    In the fall they landed, and in every place in Libya they tilled the soil
    they waited for the harvest, and after the harvest sailed further.
    In two years, on the third, the Phoniceans cleared the Columns of
    Hercules and arrived to Egypt.
    According to their accounts (I do not believe this, but those who wish, let
    them believe) during the sailing around Libya the Sun was on their right side.
    [Dictionary: Libya=Africa, the canal was actually built, or at least
    attempted at the time of
    pharaoh Necho; as I understand there were archaeological remains of this
    canal, before they started construction of the new canal in XIX century,
    Pillars of Hercules=Gibraltar, North Sea=Mediterranean Sea, Red Sea=Red
    Arabian Gulf=Gulf of Aden(?),
    South Sea=Indian ocean].

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