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    Re: Flight 19 route
    From: Gary LaPook
    Date: 2009 Sep 23, 02:05 -0700

    Of course, the student pilots in the planes would not have had a sectional 
    chart or any chart at all! Since carrier based pilots fly over nothing but 
    blue and any chart they would have would only be a blank blue sheet they use 
    a Mk 6A plotting board instead. This plotting board allows the pilot to plot 
    his courses, do wind correction problems and calculate the all important 
    intercept back to his boat. I am attaching several photos showing how the 
    Flight 19 nav problem would have been plotted.
    
    Photo 3449 shows the Mk 6A board. It has a clear plotting surface with a 
    rotating grid under it mounted on a central pivot which is used to lay off 
    the courses and to plot positions, plot celestial fixes and to do the other 
    computations. Basically it allows you to quickly make the equivalent of the 
    standard plotting sheet.
    
    So, just like setting up a plotting sheet we first label the central meridian 
    and central parallel. I have chosen to use 25� north and 79� west to move Ft. 
    Lauderdale (FLL) away from the central pivot. You set the rotating grid so 
    that the "TRUE INDEX" is set to zero and label the central meridian and 
    central parallel in pencil. To make it easier to see, I have placed orange 
    stickers on which to make these labels. I have marked my rotating grid so 
    that each line is spaced by ten nm. (I have also placed another set of 
    markings, doubling the distances. We will use the ten nm spacing.) So we mark 
    the central meridian, 79� W, and the central parallel, 25� N, Then moving up 
    and down 60 nm we label 26� N and 24� N. (Photo 3455)
    
    In order to place meridians we use the same technique as with the standard 
    "Universal Plotting Sheets." We rotate the TRUE INDEX to the central 
    latitude, 25�, (Photo 3456) and this places a grid line running through the 
    central pivot from 295� to 115� at an angle to the central parallel of 25� 
    degrees. Then going out 60 nm along this central line we place a vertical 
    mark representing the spacings of the meridians and mark 80� W and 78� W. If 
    we wanted to we could then rotate the grid back to zero and then by following 
    the grid lines we could draw in the meridians like on a plotting sheet but 
    this is not usually done as they are not necessary. (Photo 3457)
    
    We need to plot the starting position, 26� 03'N, 80� 07'W. With the TRUE INDEX 
    still set on 26� we go out to the northwest on the same grid line 67 nm since 
    80� 07' W is 67 minutes west of the 79� W central meridian and make a 
    vertical tick mark. (Photo 3458) Then rotate the grid back to zero and extend 
    this line up, parallel to a grid line,  to cross a line that you estimate 3 
    nm north of the 26� N line marking the starting position. (Photo 3459)
    
    Next we turn the TRUE INDEX to 91� .(Photo 3461) Then, moving parallel to the 
    grid line and counting 56 nm from the starting position you mark the first 
    position and 67 nm further along you mark the second position. (Photo 3482)
    
    Next set the TRUE INDEX to 346�. (Photo 3462) Then moving parallel to the grid 
    lines count 73 nm from position 2 and mark position 3. (Photo 2463) Now turn 
    the grid so that it runs from position three to the starting position (Photo 
    3465) and read at the TRUE INDEX the course back to FLL, 235�, not 241�. 
    (Photo 3464) Count the grid lines and determine the distance from position 3 
    to FLL is 126 nm. Photo 3469 shows how the plot would have actually looked.
    
    The Mk 6A also has a pull-out computer to do time-speed- distance computations 
    and a table where this information can be kept. (Photo 3474)
    
    gl
    
    
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