# NavList:

## A Community Devoted to the Preservation and Practice of Celestial Navigation and Other Methods of Traditional Wayfinding

### Compose Your Message

Message:αβγ
Message:abc
 Add Images & Files Posting Code: Name: Email:
Re: Finding longitude in the 12th century
From: Alexandre Eremenko
Date: 2012 Sep 1, 18:31 -0400

```Dear Lu,

> proves my thesis that it would have been almost impossible to produce a
> sight reduction method such as HO214 in the 12th century even if the
> basics of trig were available.

I did not say anything of the sight reduction method.
"Sight reduction" is solving a spherical triangle.
This was well known to Ptolemy in II AD.

I was addressing the longitude question.

> looked up "decimal numbers" in Wikipedia and it contains an almost useless
> history of them, citing obscure civilizations that might have used them
> three millenia ago, but not giving a whit of history on exactly how and
> why they displaced Roman numerals in Europe.

The article clearly and correctly says that decimal system was introduced
in Europe by Simon Stevin in XVI century. The article on "Simon Stevin"
says in 1585. So it is quite possible that Barentsz did not use it:-)

> Come to think of it, I remember decimals sometimes being
> called "Arabic numerals"

Because the idea (which apparently originated in India) came to Europe
through the Arabs .

> So back to the original question -- could someone have determined their
> latitude in the 12th century?

You probably mean longitude.
Latitude they could and did find. The cross-stuff was invented in
the beginning of XIV
century by Levi ben Gershon, but they had other tools like
astrolabias.

> The answer seems to be a strong "no" -- at
> least with respect to any subsequent technique such as lunar distances or
> the equivalent for star/planet

The answer is the "strong no" unqualified. There were no techniques
that could be used in 12 century and give sufficient precision.
On the land, the methods based on the moon could be used IN PRINCIPLE,
but I am not aware of any actual longitude determination by these methods
until XVI century. (See my message on Barentsz).

> trigonometry -- the theory may have been known, but practical use of that
> theory was impossible.

The principle was known, not the theory. The theory of the Moon motion
reached the needed degree of perfection only in XVIII century, almost
simultaneously with the invention of chronometer.

This has nothing to do with trigonometry. Trigonometry was well established
(for calculation of things like HMO) in the Ancient Rome.

Alex.

```
Browse Files

Drop Files

### Join NavList

 Name: (please, no nicknames or handles) Email:
 Do you want to receive all group messages by email? Yes No
You can also join by posting. Your first on-topic post automatically makes you a member.

### Posting Code

Enter the email address associated with your NavList messages. Your posting code will be emailed to you immediately.
 Email:

### Email Settings

 Posting Code:

### Custom Index

 Subject: Author: Start date: (yyyymm dd) End date: (yyyymm dd)