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    Re: FW: Plexiglass horizon
    From: Fred Hebard
    Date: 2003 Jul 14, 22:35 -0400

    They are making an artificial horizon.
    What is an artificial horizon?  When you use a sextant to measure the
    altitude of a star at sea, you generally measure the angle between the
    star and the horizon visible from your ship.  Unfortunately, not all of
    us have the opportunity to look at the horizon over the ocean, since we
    are land locked.  We then have to resort to some contrivance to
    substitute for the horizon.  Most often, people use a reflective
    surface, such as a mirror or a bowl of water or oil, and superimpose
    the image of a star seen through the index mirror of a sextant on the
    image of that star reflected in the artificial horizon, viewed through
    the horizon mirror of the sextant.  You end up with an angle which is
    twice as large as the altitude of the star, ignoring index and sextant
    A bowl of water or oil is self leveling, since it is leveled by
    gravity.  (Gravity is also what "levels" the horizon at sea; ignoring
    waves, the sea is flat, at least that part of it you can see looking
    straight out from a ship at a normal height of eye for sextant
    observations).  But bowls of oil or water suffer from the defects of
    being not very reflective and being ruffled by the wind.  The lack of
    reflectivity makes most liquid artificial horizons unsuitable for use
    with all but the brightest stars and planets, and, of course, the moon
    and sun.  A mirror, on the other hand, has plenty of reflectivity, but
    must be leveled precisely and accurately in order to give good results.
      These guys are discussing constructing a mirror-type artificial
    horizon out of black plexiglas.  The 6-32 machine bolts are for
    altering the tilt of the mirror until the Dow RTV 3145 bonded-levels
    indicate it is perfectly level.
    These lists are archived at http://www.i-DEADLINK-com/lists/navigation/.  If
    you read through the threads from this month on artificial horizons,
    you might be able to figure out what I just told you, but please, keep
    on asking.
    Yours Truly,
    Fred Hebard
    On Monday, Jul 14, 2003, at 23:04 US/Eastern, Courtney Thomas wrote:
    > This is the first message I received as a new subscriber and am
    > intrigued with your activity. What are you making and for what purpose
    > please ?
    > Appreciatively,
    > Courtney
    > Royer, Doug wrote:
    >>> -----Original Message-----
    >>> From:         Royer, Doug
    >>> Sent: Monday, July 14, 2003 16:49
    >>> To:   'navigation-l@listserve.webkahuna.com'
    >>> Subject:      Plexiglass horizon
    >>> Looks like Jared was thinking along the line I was.Over the weekend I
    >>> bought a piece of black plexiglass 7x7 in.square,3/8 in. thick for
    >>> $12.00
    >>> at Ridout Plastics(any plastics store should have it).Drilled and
    >>> tapped
    >>> the plexiglass in each corner for a 6-32 machine bolt 1.25 in.
    >>> long.Got 2
    >>> more liquid levels and useing Dow RTV 3145 bonded the levels to the
    >>> plexiglass.I left the paper on one side of the plexiglass in case the
    >>> reflecting side gets scratched.That way I can just turn the whole
    >>> thing
    >>> over,reverse the the bolts in each hole,rebond the levels on the new
    >>> reflection surface and use it.This is much lighter than the glass
    >>> one I
    >>> made.No problems in seeing clearly and sharply the points of light
    >>> from
    >>> stars as I used it last night to test just that.
    >>> I'm leaveing this week to take a vessel from San Francisco through
    >>> the
    >>> Panama Canal to Jacksonville,Fla.I'll sign off the list Wen. before I
    >>> leave and sign back in when I get access to a shorebased computor
    >>> somewhere along the route.Take care gentlemen.
    > --
    > Courtney Thomas
    > S/V Mutiny
    > Lying Oriental, NC

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