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    FW: Magnetic Variation. (has been: Magnetic Declination) Version 11
    From: Kieran Kelly
    Date: 2004 Feb 14, 08:20 +1100

    I sent this earlier but it seemed to get a bit jumbled. I will try again.
    Doug wrote after an earlier posting of mine:
    >Kieran stated he has a way to find local variation using " a
    >sextant, compass and amplitude". How can this be done? Am I missing
    >or are my thoughts to confined i.e.. ship board application only?
    The Australian explorer Augustus Gregory used several techniques for finding
    variation (i.e. difference between true and magnetic north. I will quote one
    here using an early morning sun altitude. This is verbatim from the field
    28 AUGUST 1856 at Camp LVII
    Alt sun symbol  dd 30'          az N 279dd 30' e mag
    Polar Distance          99dd 30'
    Lat                     18dd 00'           sec .021794
    Alt                      7dd 30'           sec .003731
                         2)125dd 00'
            1/2 sum         62dd 30'          cos 9.664406
            diff            37dd 00'          cos 9.902349
                            77dd 25'   log sin sq 9.592280
                           282dd 35'
                           279dd 30'
                             3dd 05'   var E
    So there you have it. Mag var with a compass, sextant and log tables. In
    this case he did not use amplitude tables. Also because he is on land with
    no ship nearby, deviation is presumed to be zero (I think). This was only
    one technique he used and is based using haversines for a solution of the
    celestial triangle originating at his visible pole i.e. the south pole.
    I can post some of his other techniques if you are interested..
    Kieran Kelly

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