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    Re: Can You Bias Ho?.....Misunderstood 2ed question
    From: Greg B
    Date: 2014 Apr 04, 10:39 -0400
       I believe you have misunderstood my 2ed question, which had nothing to do
    with the first Ho bias question ( but THANK YOU - lots of good info & insight )
    In attempting to recreate the techniques of Lewis & Clark,
    I am trying to understand how they measured latitude.
    It is my understanding that when it was impractical or impossible to do a noon sun
    sight they used some of the brighter navigational stars at meridian passage.
    I know they did not use a Hg AH, but a mirror leveled with a spirit level.
    What I don't know is how critical is meridian passage, angle wise;
    i.e.  ( 180 degrees +/- ? degrees is acceptable? what order magnitude is it?)
    How did they know when they had meridian passage? On the surface, It seems
    it would be the same as trying to do noon sun for latitude - but I get the feeling
    there was more to it.

    On 04/04/2014 04:31 AM, Luc Van den Borre wrote:

    On 4/04/2014 3:11, Brad Morris wrote:
    > Anon, like me, can see no use for the up arrangement of the pentaprism.
    > I still don't understand why Nicolas would do that.  He's a bright
    > fellow, I'm sure he had a reason.
    It's a surveying sextant, meant to be used horizontally.
    If a sextant's normal range is -5° to 125°, the range with the
    pentaprism 'pointing down' will be 85° to 215°, so if the prism were
    fixed you wouldn't be able to measure angles smaller than 85° without
    unscrewing the prism housing from the frame.
    With the pentaprism in the other position the range will be -95° to
    35°, returning the ability to measure angles smaller than 85°.
    Both the C&P and Freiberger pentaprism attachments can be rotated 90°,
    of course:

    View and reply to this message: http://fer3.com/arc/m2.aspx?i=127443

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