A Community Devoted to the Preservation and Practice of Celestial Navigation and Other Methods of Traditional Wayfinding
From: Brendan Kinch
Date: 2014 Oct 13, 22:11 +0200
Not too much comes to the fore when looking for a suitable diagram.
This may give you the general idea.
There has been discussion here before as to how practical all this was – but not relevant to your question as to what the vertical slot was (though I always saw this as a horizontal gap).
The open slot between both mirrors was so that the shades could be used on the upper or lower mirrors – they can be slipped out of one position and into the second without too much trouble. I am sure you can test that on your own octant.
From: NavList@fer3.com [mailto:NavList@fer3.com] On Behalf Of Brendan Kinch
Sent: 13 October 2014 21:11
Subject: [NavList] Re: C. 1830 Octant
First we can have a look at the name Mefser. That is old English for Messer and quite likely this octant was made by Benjamin Messer (1729-1827) and as such will be an older octant than that previously enquired about on this site. I say this because of the construction - it would fall in with Benjamin Messer dates. Is there any chance that ‘JOH NYMAN’ as you have quoted is BENJAMAN or similar. (Sometimes the spelling on old instruments – even names – leaves one wondering).
John Crichton (mentioned yesterday) was an apprentice of Benjamin Messer.
As for the lower mirror – this was for back sights. The slot in the middle was for viewing the back horizon……I’ll have a look see if I can find a diagram to better explain. (Or perhaps someone else has one handy?)
Bill & All,
Those are two good looking octants. The one in the attached pic is not in quite as good shape. But can anyone comment on this octant. On the frame's cross arm it says "JOH NYMAN" and on the left end of the arc it says "Mefser" above the scale, and "London" below the scale. The letter "s" in "Mefser" is not very clear, and neither is the "r."
The mirror below the horizon mirror is mirrored on both sides with a clear vertical slot down the center. Whay this for? And what is the open slot in the frame between these two mirrors for??
(Octant-2.jpg: Open and save)