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    Re: The Bygrave
    From: Brad Morris
    Date: 2009 Jul 25, 13:41 -0400
    Hi Hanno Ix
     
    modest angular errors at merdian crossings cause minor latitude errors.  The primary purpose of a merdian shot is to get a special line of position which is exactly your latitude. 
     
    angular errors at 90 degree hour angles cause errors in longitude.  This is known as a prime meridian shot and gives you a special line of position which is exactly your longitude.
     
    Bear in mind that these two special lines can special just for the outcome.  The Bygrave will give you lines of position (when properly plotted) for any angle in between, hence these errors are not so terrible.  For the purist mathematician, the erroneous result is troubling, but for practical navigation, not so much!
     
    Best Regards
    Brad
     

    From: NavList@fer3.com [NavList@fer3.com] On Behalf Of Hanno Ix [hannoix---.net]
    Sent: Friday, July 24, 2009 6:54 PM
    To: NavList@fer3.com
    Subject: [NavList 9216] Re: The Bygrave


    Thank you for your response, Brad!

    However, if you permit, answers to questions 1 and 2 seem not quite complete.

    In my Engineering past it has bcome my experience that computational issues typically point to ill-posed problems. Do computational issues in our application here similarly indicate we may be using a disadvantageous constellation for the problem we are trying to solve? I am thinking of cases like shooting "stars", all very close to each other, for position, for instance.

    Are there alternative solutions known from the manuals of the original Bygrave or the German MHR - provided they still exist - for special cases like the ones I mentioned? What was the poor Commander to do in such instances? I assume he would try to shoot a different constellation rather than mess with computational issues in the margins, no?

    Regards again

    H





    --- On Fri, 7/24/09, Brad Morris <bmorris{at}tactronics.com> wrote:

    From: Brad Morris <bmorris{at}tactronics.com>
    Subject: [NavList 9213] Re: The Bygrave
    To: "NavList@fer3.com" <NavList@fer3.com>
    Date: Friday, July 24, 2009, 8:53 AM

    Hi Hanno Ix

     

    See my answers interspaced below

     

    Best Regards

    Brad

     

     

    From: NavList@fer3.com [mailto:NavList@fer3.com] On Behalf Of hannoix---.net
    Sent: Friday, July 24, 2009 11:37 AM
    To: NavList@fer3.com
    Subject: [NavList 9212] Re: The Bygrave

     


    May I please ask some questions?

    1. I am not a sailor. So, what are the useful ranges of a Bygrave? In  other terms, what are the critical trigonometrical/nautical Regardssituations where the knowledge of angles >89deg or angles <1deg  is important?

     

    Suppose your celestial body is the sun.  If reducing for a meridian crossing (sun on your line of longitude), then the hour angle T is 0 (less than 1 degree).  As a practical matter, the Bygrave is quite compressed under 5 degrees for the LogCosine scale, so reductions when the sun is close to your meridian suffer from accuracy issues.

     

    If reducing when the sun is directly east or west of you, when the hour angle is 90 degrees (sunrise, sunset) similar issues result.



    2. Are there practical approximations by polynomials etc. for such extreme cases?

     

    Just use the standard azimuth and altitude equations that can be directly reduced using a calculator.


    3. More generally: Are we aiming at historical replicas of the Bygrave, MHR, etc.  or are we seeking at a modern implemetation of the idea? Or both?

     

    Depends upon who you talk to.  Due to cost, we probably won’t be looking at historical replicas. 

    4: Similarly: Are we interested in the Bygrave just because it is so interesting - which it is! - or are we looking for the very simplest means to do accurate sight reduction? For the latter, there might be attractive alternatives.

     

    HO229 offers accuracies to 0.1 arc-minutes, about 10-20X the accuracy of the Bygrave.  It is heavier, larger and requires tabular lookup instead of slide rule manipulation. 

     

    Others will have different preferences for tabular reduction or for computer aided reduction.  The beauty of the Bygrave is the small size, small weight and rapidity of reduction

    Regards</table


     



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