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    Re: Arificial Horizons and Tea
    From: Vic Fraenckel
    Date: 2003 Jul 11, 21:18 -0400

    FWIW: I have used old motor oil in a 9 X 12 baking pan as an effective
    artifical horizon. It is very black and worked quite well if a little messy.
    
    Vic
    ________________________________________________________
    
    Victor Fraenckel - The Windman                 vfraenc1{at}nycap.rr.com
    KC2GUI                                                      www.windsway.com
    
          Home of the WindReader Electronic Theodolite
                                   Read the WIND
    
    "Victory at all costs, victory in spite of all terror, victory however long
    and hard the road may be; for without victory there is no survival."
    - Winston [Leonard Spencer] Churchill (1874 - 1965)
    
    Dost thou not know, my son, with how little wisdom the world is governed?
    -Count Oxenstierna (ca 1620) to the young King Gustavus Adolphus
    
    ----- Original Message -----
    From: "Robert Eno" 
    To: 
    Sent: Friday, July 11, 2003 7:45 PM
    Subject: Re: Arificial Horizons and Tea
    
    
    | Eno responds,
    |
    | My job, among other things, involves the management and disposal of
    | hazardous waste. Mercury is right up there with the nasties; worse than
    PCBs
    | and worse than many other substances. Very useful stuff but hazardous when
    | mishandled.
    |
    | I can't cite the literature but some time ago, there was a study conducted
    | on the health of chemistry teachers and anyone else who spent most of
    their
    | working days in chemistry labs. It was found that these professions had
    much
    | higher incidences of minimata disease -- essentially, short circuiting of
    | the nervous system -- and that this was caused by the slow volatilization
    of
    | mercury trapped in the sink drains and cracks in the floor. Most students,
    | when confronted with broken thermometers, would simply hide their sins by
    | flushing the mercury down the drain (guilty as charged), after which it
    | would remain in the sink trap and slowly poison the lab teacher.
    |
    | Mercury is not to be trifled with. In fact it should be avoided. The more
    
    | you handle it, the more long term risks you take with your health. Stay
    | clear of it. It is simply not worth the risk when there are far superior
    | artificial horizons available.
    |
    | I have used them all: mercury, water, oil, etc. etc. and my vote is for
    the
    | flat black glass artificial horizon. That it is not self-leveling like
    | mercury or tea, is merely an inconvenience; not a serious impediment to
    | accurate position fixing. I much prefer a glass horizon. Mercury, tea, oil
    | and other liquids are simply a pain in the a---. Actually, I prefer a
    bubble
    | horizon. The old C.Plath is the best ever.
    |
    | As for mercury amalgams, the jury is not out yet. There are many
    conflicting
    | reports and opinions, however, the overall consensus -- based on data from
    | the millions of unwitting guinea pigs (like me) -- seems to be that the
    | mercury amalgams in our fillings do not present a serious risk. They have
    | been used for close to a hundred years and there does not seem to be any
    | evidence of damage to the nervous systems of people with bad teeth.
    |
    | My two bits' worth.
    |
    |
    | Robert Eno
    |
    | >
    | > I suspect that it may be less lethal than John Kabel implies.
    | >
    | > I base this opinion on my childhood at school, where I sat for physics
    | > classes at a laboratory bench. Every hollow and cranny in the wooden
    | > surface of that bench would contain droplets of mercury. When the lesson
    | > became boring, we would do our best to fish them out with a pencil, to
    | > collect enough to coalesce into a blob that was big enough to flick at
    our
    | > friends in the row in front.
    | >
    | > Our reversing-switches would involve electrodes that dipped into open
    | pools
    | > of mercury, We would make barometers that dipped into similar open
    pools.
    | >
    | > Later, at university, we found a similar environment. We would use
    mercury
    | > in pint quantities for diffusion-pumps in high-vacuum systems.
    | >
    | > I suspect many physics students from my generation, the world over,
    could
    | > tell a similar story.
    | >
    | > Were we risking our lives? It didn't seems so at the time. I haven't
    | > collected mortality statistics. Were we risking brain damage? Perhaps
    | > that's starting to show, now...
    | >
    | > Now we have our teeth stuffed with amalgam. Does the amalgamation remove
    | > the toxicity? I wonder.
    | >
    | > Somehow I doubt that taking sextant altitudes by exposing for a short
    time
    | > a small pool of mercury, out in the open, where any vapour could blow
    | away,
    | > presents a comparable hazard. But I am quite prepared to be convinced
    | > otherwise, if any real evidence exists. Is John Kabel being
    over-alarmist
    | > about the danger? Am I being over-casual?
    | >
    | > In other respects, mercury must be the ideal artificial horizon. There's
    | > room for a simple design in plastic for a shallow pool with a sealing
    lid,
    | > from which the mercury would never need to be removed, with a rim
    intended
    | > to trap any overspill, designed with a tripod base. This would be
    handier
    | > than the equipment the old explorers had to handle, in which mercury had
    | to
    | > be transferred between a tray and an iron storage vessel with a
    screw-cap.
    | >
    | > But how available is mercury today? Are there regulations that prevent
    you
    | > and me from acquiring enough mercury to do the job? Do we have to
    collect
    | > antique barometers to do so?
    | >
    | > I'm not convinced about the virtues of floating a solid mirror on a
    | > disc-raft on liquid. The liquid and the solid would need to have a
    | > repulsive surface tension between them to ensure blobs wouldn't gather
    up
    | > the sides of the raft. That surface tension would require to be exactly
    | > even around the edges of the disc or the raft would be unbalanced. How
    | > would one prevent the raft from nearing the edges of the container,
    which
    | > would unbalance the surface-tension forces or give rise to friction
    which
    | > would constrain the self-levelling? There are serious problems here
    which
    | > would need resolving.
    | >
    | > George Huxtable.
    | >
    | >
    | > ================================================================
    | > contact George Huxtable by email at george---.u-net.com, by phone
    at
    | > 01865 820222 (from outside UK, +44 1865 820222), or by mail at 1 Sandy
    | > Lane, Southmoor, Abingdon, Oxon OX13 5HX, UK.
    | > ================================================================
    | >
    | >
    
    
    

       
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