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    Re: An exotic lunar distance puzzle
    From: Marcel Tschudin
    Date: 2011 May 5, 20:32 +0300

    Atmospheric refraction exists also above 8 miles. If I remember right, the atmospheric models for calculating refraction generally use a height of about 80km. In your calculation you mixed km and mi. The radius of the earth is about 6400 km (not mi). You are right that the refracted ray has not a constant curvature as shown in the drawing, its bending increases as it passes through air layers closer to the surface.


    On Thu, May 5, 2011 at 7:09 PM, David Fleming <d.l.fleming.1@gmail.com> wrote:

    Marcel your pictures that geometric dip is not the same as a straight line from body to the horizon point. This is correct. Caused by refraction as you showed in curved red line. It is not as shown a smooth arc as I'm guessing you know but experiences the curve only as it enters the atmoshpere which I am not convinced happens a 8 miles height. Could somebody check that?

    cos ( GeoDip) = 1 / ( 1 + (hE/RE)^2)

    take RE = 6378 mi + 8 mi

    he = 211 mi

    GeoDip = 2.68 deg

    Dave Fleming

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