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    Re: The 57 Navigational Stars (and Zuben'ubi)
    From: Ken Muldrew
    Date: 2005 Apr 20, 16:08 -0600

    On Sat Apr 16 2005, Frank Reed wrote:
    
    > The Alkaid vs Benetnasch puzzle has led me to this question: when was
    > the list of 57 navigational stars established? Anyone know?
    
    I was looking through the star table given in Maskelyne's Tables Requisite
    last night (from 1796). It gives 60 navigational stars but only 41 are the
    same as the current 57 navigational stars.
    
    Stars on the old list but not on the new:
    Algenib, Mirach, Mira, Algol, Mintaka, Paet, Wezen, Aludra, Naos, Suhail
    al Muhlif, delta Vela, Merak, Becrux, Thuban, Zuben elschemali, Unukalhai,
    Rasalgethi, Castor, and Scheat.
    
    Stars on the new list but not on the old:
    Acamar, Adhara, Alioth, Alnilam, Atria, Avior, Enif, Gienah, Kaus
    Australis, Kochab, Menkent, Nunki, Sabik, Schedar, Shaula, and Suhail.
    
    Here are the stars on the old list:
    
    Extremity of the wing of Pegasus, Algenib
    In the head of the Phoenix
    Bright star in the tail of the Whale
    In the girdle of Andromeda
    The Spring of the River Erida, Achernar
    In the following horn of the Ram
    In the neck of the Whale
    In the jaw of the Whale
    In the head of Medusa, Algol
    The bright star in Perseus
    The Southern eye of the Bull, Aldebaran
    In the left shoulder of Auriga, Capella
    The bright foot of Orion, Rigel
    Northern horn of the Bull
    The Western shoulder of Orion
    Proceeding star in the belt of Orion
    Bright star in the Dove
    The Eastern shoulder of Orion
    In the poop of the Ship Argo, Canopus
    In the mouth of the greater Dog, Sirius
    In the back of the greater Dog
    In the tail of hte greater Dog
    In the head of the Northern Twin, Castor
    The lesser Dog, Procyon
    In the head of the Southern Twin, Pollux
    In the row-lock of the Ship Argo
    In the poop of the Ship Argo
    In the middle of the Ship Argo
    In the oars of the Ship Argo
    The heart of the female Hydra
    The Lion's heart, Regulus
    Southern.star in the squ.of the great Bear
    Northern.star in the squ.of the great Bear
    The Lion's tail
    In the foot of the Cross
    In the top of the Cross
    In the following arm of the Cross
    The Virgin's Spike
    Last star in the tail of the great Bear
    The Western foot of the Centaur
    In the tail of the Dragon
    The bright star in Bootes, Arcturus
    Eastern foot of the Centaur
    The Southern scale of Libra
    The Northern scale of Libra
    Bright star in the Crown
    In the neck of the Serpent
    The Scorpion's heart, Antares
    In the head of Hercules
    In the head of Ophiuchus
    In the head of the Dragon
    The bright star in the Harp, Lyra
    Bright star in the Eagle, Altair
    The Eye of the Peacock
    The tail of the Swan
    The Western wing of the Crane
    In the mouth of the South.Fish, Fomalhaut
    In the shoulder of Pegasus
    In the wing of Pegasus, Markab
    The head of Andromeda
    
    Ken Muldrew.
    
    
    

       
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